As you start on – or continue – your journey to designing and building your dream log or timber home, here is a list of terms that may help you navigate industry jargon.

Adzing
To provide a texture to a square, smooth, or milled log, the manufacturer either uses a hatchet or sander to mark the log adding character.

CheckingLog Checking
As timbers dry and moisture levels decrease, the wood grain will separate causing checking. This is a natural process that does not impact the timber’s stability or strength.

Chinking
A flexible and synthetic material that is used to seal the joints in a log home. Chinking is required in handcrafted log home. Milled log homes may use chinking for aesthetics.

“Free of Heart Center” or “Heart Center” Wood
The center of a tree is considered the “Heart.” Heart center wood includes the heart in the middle of the timber. Free of heart center timber does not include the heart (though a very small portion may be at the edge). The heart is filled with nutrients and has a tendency to twist as the wood dries, therefore, free of heart center timbers are less likely twist. Twisting also depends on the species of wood.

Free of Heart Center Wood

Handcrafted Log
This type of log is hand-peeled by skilled craftsmen giving the logs a rustic finish. Chinking is required to seal the joints in this type of log home.

Hybrids
Hybrids are combinations of two product lines, styles, building types, and more. The important thing to remember is to find out how each company is defining hybrid. Read an article addressing the term Hybrid.

Log or Timber Trusses
A truss can be either a functional brace to hold up part of your structure, or a decorative element which brings character to your log home. In most cases, it is both. Truss styles include: Arched King Post, Scissor, Arched Queen Post, Hammer Beam, Barrel Truss and a Standard King Post.

truss types

Log Profiles
Log profile refers to the shape of the individual log. Common shapes include: round, square, rectangular, and D-log.

Milled Log
Milled logs are created using machinery, and therefore, are more uniform than handcrafted logs. The machinery allows for a variety of log profiles.

Post & Beam
A log post & beam home is similar to timber framing except lathed logs and handcrafted logs are used. Lathed logs are more uniform in size while handcrafted logs retain tooling marks.

Smooth Log
Finish of a milled log.

Stacked Log Walls
Walls are created by stacking logs one on top of another interlocking the logs at the home’s corners.

Stick Framing
This is the type of framing that you find in many homes and consists of 2x4s, 2x6s, 2x8s, or larger size wood pieces.

Timber Framing
Heavy wood timbers are joined together to create the frame structure of all or part of the home. This structure is left visible as an architectural element.

Turnkey
Turnkey cost refers to the total cost to build your log home or timber home, not including land or site improvements. The term turnkey originated with the idea of the homeowner “turning the key” in the front door and walking into their completed home. Turnkey can also refer to building; if a builder provides turnkey construction, they construct the entire home.

Learn more about Cost Feasibility.

Are there any terms that you would like us to define? Please comment below:

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